Honda Motor Co., Ltd. ("Honda") is currently being examined by the Tokyo Regional Taxation Bureau ("Bureau") on matters related to a transfer pricing*1 issue. In the examination, the Bureau claims that the allocation of the total profit Honda and its Chinese joint venture companies earned from their automobile business in China was not an "arms' length" allocation but rather that too much of this total profit was realized by the Chinese joint venture companies over the five-year period ended March 31, 2006.
Honda considers corporate governance to be one of its highest corporate management priorities. Honda established prices for its transactions with the Chinese joint venture companies that were intended to comply with the local laws and regulations of both Japan and China and result in the appropriate amount of taxes in both Japan and China. Despite Honda's continuous assertion over the course of the examination that the allocation of profit between Honda and the Chinese joint venture companies was arms' length, Honda has not, as of March 31, 2008 or today, been able to reach an agreement with the Bureau on this issue.
Honda prepares its consolidated financial statement in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("US GAAP"). According to the Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48 ("FIN48")*2, if a tax position is not considered to be more-likely-than-not of being sustained upon examination, a liability for the unrecognized tax benefit needs to be recognized. In accordance with FIN48, Honda has estimated and recognized a liability and tax expense, including the portion related to this transfer pricing issue, in its consolidated financial statements as of March 31, 2008.
The recognition of the liability does not indicate that, as of today, Honda has received the final result of the tax examination. As the examination has not been completed and is ongoing, Honda will be making continuous efforts, by providing factual explanations, to facilitate the
Bureau's understanding of Honda's assertion.
Honda did not recognize any tax contingent liability related to this tax issue in its stand alone financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in Japan and general accounting practices in Japan.
- *1Transfer Pricing
Taxation rules require that a price used for transactions between related entities-a "transfer price"-be the same as would be used in arms' length transactions between unrelated entities because the resulting amounts of taxable income earned by the related entities will then be the same as would be earned by unrelated parties. When related parties do not use an arms' length price in their transactions, their taxable income is calculated by applying the price that would be used for arms' length transactions between unrelated entities. The taxation rules regarding transfer pricing were introduced in Japan in 1986.
- *2FIN 48
Financial Accounting Standards Board Interpretation No. 48, "Accounting for Uncertainty in Income Taxes." If a tax position is not considered to be more-likely-than-not of being sustained upon examination, a liability for the unrecognized tax benefit needs to be recognized. Honda adopted FIN48 as of April 1, 2007.