LCA results for major automobile models released in FY2014 (Japan)
LCA results for major motorcycle models released in FY2014 (Japan)
We have been developing our own methods to reduce the environmental impacts of our business activities and across product life cycles, from production through disposal.
In March 2002, we built the Honda Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) Data System, a system for measuring CO2 emissions from all business activities, and since then have been making focused efforts to meet reduction targets set for each domain.production, purchasing, sales and service, administration, transportation, and so forth.
We are also calculating and assessing CO2 emissions across product life cycles.from raw material procurement to product disposal.and making use of this information in our efforts to reduce CO2 emissions for each model.
This information is also important when considering applications for the many next-generation technologies we are developing, so we are using to develop low-carbon solutions at the development stage.
Scope 3, category 11 emissions (emissions from use of products sold to our customers), accounted for more than 80% of GHG emissions from Honda's entire value chain.
This means the greatest challenge to reducing emissions from our value chain is finding ways to reduce emissions related to customer use of Honda products. To this end, we've established the target of reducing global average product CO2 emissions 30% from 2000 levels by 2020, and are working to improve the fuel efficiency of our products.
For the foreseeable future, however, our production volume is likely to outpace expected improvements in fuel efficiency, so even if we achieve this target, we still predict an increase in scope 3, category 11 emissions. Nevertheless, it is essential for us to find ways to reverse this rising trend.
We are certain that our ultimate aim is to reduce total emissions from our products, even as production expands.
Emissions from Honda operations: Conceptual projection
Honda's ultimate aim is to archive zero GHG emissions from its products and business activities.
To achieve this, we have adopted the Triple Zero concept, a vision of the future that sees us shrinking three types of environmental impact down to zero. On the path to this future, we will aim to cut Honda's total GHG emissions in half by 2050.
To realize this target, we have adopted our own Honda Environmental Performance Standards (HEPS), and by applying them to Honda products we aim to reduce GHG emissions through improvements in fuel efficiency, the use of renewable energy, and other approaches.
Scope 3, category 11 emissions, CO2 emissions from the use of products sold to our customers, accounted for more than 80% of emissions that took place across our value chain. The reason category 11 is so large is because it includes not only the CO2 that Honda products sold in fiscal 2014 emitted in fiscal 2014, but also the CO2 those products will emit in the future. In other words, when a customer in Japan purchases a Honda vehicle, we expect that customer to drive the vehicle 10,000 km a year for 15 years.1 Scope 3, category 11 is where we calculate all the CO2 that will be emitted during that time.
Scope 3 includes future emissions because it is based on an accounting method that counts emissions not when they occur but when the business activities that will result in those emissions occur. The approximately 27 million automobiles, motorcycles, and power products that Honda sold to customers around the world in fiscal 2014 will continue emitting CO2 as they are used and until they are disposed of at some point in the future. Scope 3 says that these emissions are the result of Honda having sold its products in fiscal 2014.
1. Annual distance traveled, product lifetime in years: Based on the WBCSD's SMP Model developed by the International Energy Agency