On August 25, 2012, Honda disclosed estimates of all greenhouse gas (GHG※1) emissions that were generated as a result of its business activities in fiscal 2012. The emission figures were calculated in accordance with the GHG Protocol※2, the most widely used GHG accounting standard in the world. On October 4, 2011, the GHG Protocol issued the Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard as a new standard to complement the scope 1 (direct emissions) and scope 2 (indirect emissions) standards. Honda followed the new standard to account for GHG emissions from all three scopes.
Honda calculated its scope 3, category 11 emissions in accordance with the GHG Protocol’s Corporate Value Chain (Scope 3) Accounting and Reporting Standard (hereafter the "Scope 3 Standard"). It obtained third-party verification of its results from Bureau Veritas Japan Co., Ltd., and on June 20, 2012, became the first automaker in the world to disclose transparent, reliable scope 3 emissions data. (Blue font indicates data that received third-party verification from Bureau Veritas Japan.)
Honda recently re-released the data on August 25, 2012, including calculations of emissions from other scope 3 categories and providing a more complete picture of GHG emissions from Honda's business activities in fiscal 2012.
Recognizing that scope 3, category 11—which accounted for 87.0% of all emissions in fiscal 2012—has the greatest impact on the global environment of all its business activities, Honda will continue to promote global action on climate change by taking responsibility as a mobility company and calculating and disclosing GHG emissions from product use.
Greenhouse gas: Any gas present in the atmosphere that generates a warming effect by absorbing some of the infrared radiation from the sun that reflects off the Earth's surface. Greenhouse gases are considered to be a major cause of global warming. Japan's Ministry of the Environment requires reporting of the annual emission amounts of six types of substances: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6).
※2 GHG Protocol：
In 1998, the World Business Council for Sustainable Development, made up of members of the U.S. environmental group the World Resources Institute (WRI) and around 200 multinational corporations (as of August 2012), working together with other corporations, NGOs, and governments, launched the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Initiative to develop GHG emissions accounting and reporting standards. In September 2001, it published the first edition of the GHG Protocol, which today is widely used by businesses, NGOs, and governments around the world and serves as the de facto standard for calculating and reporting GHG emissions.
※3 Scope 1：
Direct GHG emissions from business activities, as defined by the GHG Protocol (examples: combustion of fuel oil at a manufacturing plant, emissions from work vehicles and company cars). The scope 1 figure reported above includes all GHGs emitted directly by Honda Motor Co. and its 461 consolidated subsidiaries and affiliated companies worldwide.
※4 Scope 2：
Indirect GHG emissions from a company's use of energy, as defined by the GHG Protocol (examples: electrical energy used by a manufacturing plant or office). The scope 2 figure reported above includes all GHGs emitted directly by Honda Motor Co. and its 461 consolidated subsidiaries and affiliated companies worldwide.
※5 Scope 3：
● Other indirect GHG emissions not included in scope 1 and scope 2, as defined by the GHG Protocol. Scope 3 is systematically broken down into 15 categories (examples: category 11 includes emissions arising from the use of sold products; category 12 includes emissions arising from the end-of-life treatment of sold products). ● The category 11 figure reported above represents the cumulative amount of greenhouse gases that will have been emitted by products sold by Honda in fiscal 2012 (automobiles, motorcycles, power products) as a result of their use by customers from the time they received those products until they dispose of them in the future.● The "scope 3, other categories" figure reported above is the sum of emissions from categories 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 12, and 15. As per the GHG Protocol, Honda excludes categories 8, 9, 13, and 14 from its calculations, as these categories are either not part of Honda's business activities or emissions from these categories are accounted for in other categories.
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