Honda Environmental E-learning

~2.Energy Issue~

1Energy issues
in society

Oil, coal, and natural gas are
limited energy resources.
If we continue to use
them as we have been,
they will disappear.

START

Q1
Which of the following is not a major factor in today's energy and resource issues?
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Q1

The Correct
answer is “Declining birth rate, aging population”.

Source:Japan Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, “Understanding Renewable Energy ”
(http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/category/saving_and_new/saiene/renewable/family/index.html)

An explosive growth in population began along with rapid economic expansion and industrialization following the Industrial Revolution. This rapid population growth is one factor behind resource and energy issues. This graph makes it easy to see the rapid, continuous growth in energy consumption.

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Q2
Which of the following is not a primary energy source?
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Q2

The Correct
answer is “Electricity”.

Primary energy can be used in the form in which it exists in the natural environment.
Secondary energy is derived from primary energy sources by converting and processing them.

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Q3
Where is primary energy consumption rising the fastest?
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Q3

The Correct
answer is “Emerging countries”.

Shifts in global energy consumption (by region; primary energy)

Source:Japan Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, “Energy White Paper 2016”
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2016html/2-2-1.html(Japanese)

Global energy consumption is increasing steadily. The speed of that increase takes different forms in different regions—the rate is slow in developed countries, but getting faster in emerging countries. The proportion of energy consumption in developed countries has dropped by almost 28 points, from 70.8% in 1965 to 42.5% in 2014. In comparison, remarkable economic growth among emerging countries in the Asia-Pacific region has had a large effect on the increase in global energy consumption.

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Q4
How much electricity was generated by solar power in 2014 ?
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Q4

The Correct
answer is “177 gigawatts”.

Global solar installations (change in total capacity)

Source:Japan Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, “Energy White Paper 2016”
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2016html/2-2-2.html(Japanese)

Solar power electricity generation in major countries around the world increased rapidly in the latter half of the 2000s. In 2014, total installed solar capacity reached 180 gigawatts; China was in the lead with 28.33 gigawatts, Germany in second place with 38.25 gigawatts, and Japan in third with 23.41 gigawatts. More recently, the introduction of renewable energy sources has made rapid progress, and clean energy such as hydro, wind, biomass, and solar are all in the spotlight.

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Q5
In 2014, what was the global total GW (gigawatt) capacity of all wind power facilities?
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Q5

The Correct
answer is “Approximately 369.6 GW”.

The total global capacity of wind power

Source: Japan Agency for Natural Resources and Energy, “Energy White Paper 2016”
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2016html/2-2-2.html(Japanese)

The total global capacity of wind power installations has increased rapidly in recent years, and in 2014 reached 369.6 GW. China has the greatest capacity with 31% of the total, followed by the United States (17.8%) and Germany (10.6%). These three countries account for almost 60% of total global wind power capacity.

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Q6
What kind of energy emits less CO2 and is gaining attention as an alternative to nuclear power?
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Q7
Among renewable energy sources such as solar (photovoltaic) and wind power, which of the following is specifically referred to as "new energy"?
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Q8
Which of the following is NOT a feedstock for biomass energy?
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Q8

The Correct
answer is “Steel”.

Our approach to energy policy changed greatly after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami in northeast Japan. Solar and other renewable energy sources are looked to with high hopes. However, issues such as cost and potential supply difficulties still remain.

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Q9
Which of the following is not renewable energy?
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Q10
Insert the word combination that fits best.

A "smart city" is the concept of making communities and residents' lifestyles more environmentally friendly through the use of __________ to reduce waste and surges in energy consumption, plus integrated approaches involving __________ and infrastructure such as water supply and transportation.

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Q10

The Correct
answer is “information technologies/government services”.

A “smart city” is an urban development concept which not just leverages information technologies for data-driven management to reduce energy waste and fluctuations, but furthermore aims to change the communities and their residents’ lifestyles in an environmentally friendly way. Government and businesses are joining forces to implement smart city experiments across Japan.

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