CIVIC > History > First Generation - Second Generation (1972-1979)
First Generation (1972)
Following the original two-door and three-door Civic models, the Company expanded its lineup with the Hondamatic (variable-speed automatic) and Civic CVCC in 1973. These were complemented in 1974 by the sporty Civic RS, with a twin-cab engine, and the Civic Van, a practical, commercial-use vehicle. For three consecutive years—from 1972 to 1974—Civic was awarded “Car of the Year Japan.“ Overseas, as well, the Civic CVCC earned high acclaim in the United States. In 1973, the Civic ranked third in Europe’s “Car of the Year” awards—the highest ranking for a Japanese vehicle at that time. It also took the top prize among imported vehicles in the U.S. Road Test magazine’s “1974 Car of the Year.”

   
Second Generation (1979)
Seeking to create a “high-quality car representing 1980s values,” Honda implemented the first full model change of the Civic in seven years, resulting in enhanced economy, interior comfort and driving performance. This led to the development in 1980 of the CVCC-II engine, which delivered improved combustion efficiency. In 1981, Honda rolled out the Civic Country station wagon and the Civic 4-Door Sedan, featuring a Hondamatic transmission with overhead drive, front-wheel drive and notchback styling. The new Civic received the “U.S. Import Car of the Year 1980” award from Motor Trend Magazine.

 
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